Kiwi milkshake is easy to make. It is always good on a warm summer day. This recipe is one of the simplest versions. Most people have the ingredients at home.
History of kiwi
Only last forty years Actinidia Deliciosa (its official name) or the “Chinese gooseberry” is called “kiwi”. New Zealanders were the first to select, grow and market these fruits from China.
The original homeland of the kiwi is indeed the Yangtze Valley. Actinidia chinensis Yang Tao Chinese was described for the first time in 1750 by a French Jesuit (P. Cheron Incarville) mission in China.
A few kiwi trees were planted in the late nineteenth century in European botanical gardens. But no one cared about these fruits!
The intensive cultivation of the kiwi started around the mid-twentieth century. This first happened in New Zealand, then in different countries: U.S.A., Japan, Italy, Chile and Greece.
What do kiwis contain?
Kiwi is composed of more than 80% water. Energy intake is moderate (comparable to the melon, tangerine and apricot) and mainly due to its carbohydrates. The latter represent approximately 10% of all the constituents of the fruit and are composed of easily assimilated sugars such as fructose and glucose.
Rich in vitamin C and vitamin E with antioxidant properties, the flesh of the kiwi also provides vitamin K and vitamin B9. Kiwi is a good source of minerals, including potassium and copper.
Its fibers are abundant (about 3 g per 100 g) and distributed among the insoluble fiber (cellulose, hemicellulose) and soluble fiber (pectin).
This fruit contains a specific enzyme: actinidin. This enzyme is a protease capable of splitting proteins into smaller molecules. Its slightly acid flavor is due to the presence of organic acids: citric, quinic acid and malic acid.
Kiwis and health
Two kiwis bring more than 5 grams of fiber, about 15% of the daily recommended amount. Thanks to the concentration and quality of such fibers, the kiwi might be effective to remedy constipation problems.
In addition to promoting the proper functioning of the intestinal transit, a diet rich in fiber helps to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and obesity.
In general, vitamins, antioxidants and fiber in fruits and vegetables play an important protective role for health. Many studies have shown that high consumption of vegetables and fruits can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, cancer and other chronic diseases.